In an effort to combat corruption, the Government also introduced two institutions to combat corruption in the domestic business environment.
These institutions were the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the, Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offenses Commission (ICPC).
These institutions have been combating cases of corrupt practices such as Internet fraud and corruption in public offices.
Poor public expenditure management in Nigeria has greatly hampered the quality of government capital projects, resulting in poor service delivery.
In order to improve transparency at all levels of government, but particularly at the States and Local Government levels, a monthly publication of Federal, States and Local Government shares of revenue from the country’s Federation account was introduced in 2004.
The publication provides details of revenue allocation to all the States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) as well as the774 Local Governments.
The publication has increased transparency, particularly of sub-national finances, and opened up dialogue on public revenues and expenditures of all tiers of government.
Government introduced the Due Process mechanism in public contracts. The Due Process mechanism has promoted an open tenders process with competitive bidding for government contracts. As a means of ensuring competitive costing of contracts, a database of international prices was developed to serve as a guide during the bidding process.
The government also publishes a public tender journal periodically as a means of reducing patronage in the award of contracts. In addition, certification of completed government projects is also required before final payments are made.
The procurement reform, to a great extent has brought about some measure of sanity, transparency and competition in contract award. As a means of strengthening public procurement system in the country, Government took steps to institutionalize transparency and competitive bidding in tendering contract award and payment through Public Procurement Act and the establishment of the Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP).
The BPP, among others, is saddled with the responsibility of formulating the general policies and guidelines relating to public sector procurement for the approval of government.
In addition to combating corruption in the conduct of government business, electronic payment was introduced in 2009 for payment of contracts and services awarded by government.
The overall aim is geared towards instilling transparency and ensure that payments effected by government to contractors and other business transactions are easily tracked electronically without any difficulties.
It is also to reduce to the barest minimum, physical contact between accounts officials and contractors with regard to payments, thereby minimizing unethical behaviour associated with physical payments.
Following the retirement of Mr. Festus Oyaide, as Head of Strategic Communications Department (SCD) in the Bureau of Public Service Reforms (BPSR), Mrs. Florence Dibiaezue-Eke has resumed duties as the new Head of the Department.